Driving in France can be a real pleasure as the road infrastructure is excellent and often provides vast, sweeping views of the countryside. You have the freedom to explore places that would otherwise remain inaccessible, since many roads have been built with the motorist in mind, to provide spectacular views of otherwise unreachable places.
However, before setting off onto the French roads, it is vital to acquaint yourself with some basic principles concerning driving in France as well as the road network and administrative requirements relating to Driving Licences.
French road network
The French road network is composed of motorways (“autoroutes” known as “A” followed by the number), trunk roads (“routes nationals” known as “N” followed by the number) and local roads (“routes départementales” known as “D” followed by the number, which are maintained by local governments).
Most motorways are toll roads and entrances to them are marked as such with the word "Péage". These tolls are either a flat rate, paid as you enter the autoroute, or based on how far you drive. When the toll is based on distance, you take a ticket as you join the autoroute and then, when you exit, you give the ticket to the attendant at the kiosk and your toll will be calculated. Don’t lose your ticket as you will pay the maximum toll!.
Although they may be expensive, these motorways are the only realistic way of covering large distances in a single day. However, if you have more time and don't want to travel on autoroutes, the best way to avoid them is to use the “Bison fûté” map, (available at petrol stations, free of charge), which shows many alternative routes (itinéraire bis) across the country.
It is important to note that except on motorways, the French do not attach such importance to road numbers. So the rule is to follow a destination rather than a number, otherwise it could become quite confusing.
The most important rule (for those who are coming from a country where the driving is on the left-hand side of the road): DRIVE ON THE RIGHT!
If your car is right-hand drive, by law you must adjust the direction of your headlamp beams for driving on the right, either by using the stick-on adapters or by making an adjustment to the lights (available on modern cars). This applies especially if you drive by night, as headlights dip to the left, which means that they dip into the view of oncoming traffic when driving on the right.
If you are driving a foreign registered vehicle, a sticker showing the country of origin, must be attached to the vehicle, even if this is already indicated on the registration plate.
One rule you must be aware of in France is “priorité à droite”, e.g.: motorists turning onto the road you are on, from the right, and in the direction you are travelling, have right of way. The exceptions are if the junction is marked by a stop sign, traffic light or solid white line, as well as at roundabouts, where cars to the left have the right-of-way. Be warned that there are places where you need to be extremely careful, especially in small villages and in the countryside, where traffic on minor road may have right-of-way when joining a main road.
It is compulsory to wear a seat belt front and rear. It is compulsory also for all children up to 10 years to travel in the back seat of a car and wear a seat belt or be strapped into a proper child seat. Only adults and children from 10 years may sit in the front passenger seat.
Mobile cellular telephones must not be used while driving except with a "hands-free" system.
While driving in France, It is compulsory to have your driving licence, car registration papers (called “Carte grise”) and insurance documents (these must be the original documents).
As of the 1st of July 2008, you are required to carry not only a warning triangle in your car but also a fluorescent safety vest. More specifically, the safety vests must be carried inside the car and not in the trunk. The theory being that if you breakdown in a dangerous place you should put your safety vest on before getting out of the car. If you fail to have these available, the standard fine is around 90 euros per item. The triangle must conform to EU standards (European Directive 89/686/EEC), evidence for which is the stamp E 27 R and the high-visibility garment must conform to EU standards EN 471 or EN 1150.
Speed limits unless otherwise marked by signs, are follows:
- Autoroute: 130 Km/h and 110 Km/h when raining;
- Dual carriageways or single lane roads separated by an island: 110 Km/h and 100 Km/h when raining;
- Regional roads: 90 Km/h and 80 Km/h when raining;
- Built up areas (towns and villages): 50 Km/h;
- Whenever visibility is less than 50m: 50 Km/h.
Speed limits, as shown above, are implemented rigorously. Radar traps are frequent and anyone caught travelling at more than 25km/h above the speed limit can have their licence confiscated on the spot.
Until 2007, cars registered outside France generally avoided getting speeding tickets when flashed by a speed camera. Be warned that this is no longer the case, as new agreements between European police forces have been adopted, meaning that details of any car caught speeding can be sent through to the offending motorist. Although the system is not yet 100% operational, the risk is still there.
Drink driving: as everywhere, the best advice is not to drink if you drive. However, if you do so, be aware that a driver is considered to be driving under the influence of alcohol if his blood/alcohol level is equal to or exceeds 0.5 grams per litre (g/l).
Driving licence registration:
Visitors staying less than 90 days and carrying a valid EU driving licence may drive in France. For longer periods, by virtue of the EU regulations (Directive 80/1263/EEC), holders of driving licences (changing residence or place of work from one Member State to another) used to have to exchange their licence within one year. But this requirement was abolished on 1 July 1996 and since then, exchanging of driving licences is purely voluntary.
In the event of voluntary exchange (or loss or theft of the original licence), the Member State in which holders have taken up their normal residence will issue the person concerned with a Community model driving licence for the corresponding category(ies) without requiring that person to take a theoretical or practical test. Indeed, there is no Community driving licence, but since 1 July 1996, Member States have issued a "Community model" driving licence in order to make it easier to understand driving licences issued by individual Member States and to facilitate their mutual recognition.
Although it is not a requirement, an International Licence is recommended when driving in France, as it can facilitate contact with the authorities in the event of an accident or traffic violation. However, it is important to note that an international licence does not replace a driver's licence. It merely accompanies it and acts as an official certificate of validity of the national licence as it is an internationally recognised document.
A few words relating to a Penalty Points Licence:
Please note that if a driving offence has been committed in France and points need to be deducted, a person resident in France using a foreign licence will have to exchange it for a French one.
The permis à points came into force on the 1st July 1992.
Basically, the French driving licence has a maximum of 12 points. However, new drivers have just 6 points when they receive their driving licence for the first time and this driving licence is credited with two additional points every year (up to 12 points after 3 years, provided that no offence against the Code de la Route regulations has been committed within this period).
Each time a driving offence is committed, a certain number of points (between 1 and 6) can be withdrawn. However, if there are several offences committed simultaneously, a maximum of 8 points can be deducted.
The loss of all points on a driving licence automatically results in a six-month disqualification from driving any vehicle for which a licence is required (one year for repeat offences). In other words, the driver must wait six months (or one year for repeat offences) before having his licence back.
In order to recover his licence, the driver must retake the written theory test, following the 6-month ban. If it is not the first time his licence has been withdrawn, not only must he wait one year, but he must also retake both the theory and the practical driving test.
In this case, the new driving licence provided is a six-month probational licence, and as such only has 6 points (instead of 12) for a period of three years. At the end of the probation period, and on condition that no offence has been committed that has resulted in points being deducted, the number of points is then raised to the maximum of 12.